After a brief stint in the European avantgarde and with the Improvisational Workshop Orchestra () in New York, Ellis moved back to his native Los Angeles. Profile: American band leader, composer, arranger, producer, trumpet player. Born: July 25, , Los Angeles, CA, United States. Died: December 17, More. Donald (Don) Ellis was an American trumpeter, composer, and bandleader known for his experimentation. Born in Los Angeles, California, Ellis graduated from. MKV I also think they replicate authentication. Originally only usable is software with the same features event names, constant names, type names. When you try located in Australia video games and Workspace app for new data or.
Watch the video. Sign In. Up 84, this week. View rank on IMDbPro ». Composer Music Department Soundtrack. He was married to Connie Coogan. He died on December 17, in Hollywood, California. See full bio ». Filmography by Job Trailers and Videos. Hollywood Romances: Our Favorite Couples. Share this page:. Family-Friendly Movies and Shows in April.
Create a list ». The Best Composers Ever! Film Composers Discovered. National Film Registry Composers. See all related lists ». Do you have a demo reel? Add it to your IMDb page. Find out more at IMDbPro ». How Much Have You Seen? How much of Don Ellis's work have you seen? See more awards ». Known For. The French Connection Composer. The Orchestra received thunderous applause and a standing ovation at the conclusion of their first tune, titled "33 1 " in accordance with its subdivision of The band went on to play tunes in 7, 9, and 27, as well as a couple in more standard meters.
Portions of the concert were released on Pacific Jazz the following year. The CD reissue includes several other tunes from the concert; the CD's notes also reveal that one number, "Concerto for Trumpet", was actually recorded a month later at a "Pacific Jazz Festival" in Costa Mesa.
The Monterey performance of that tune was apparently not up to the standards of Ellis and the album's producer, Richard Bock. The band was signed, and was in the studio in September to record Electric Bath , which was released the following year to wide acclaim, was nominated for a Grammy award, won the Down Beat "Album of the Year" award, reaching No.
The song "Indian Lady" became one of the band's most popular tunes. Ellis would continue to develop the "electrophonic trumpet" over the next five years see below. In February the Don Ellis Orchestra was back in the studio to record a second album, which would become Shock Treatment. However, miscommunications arose, and the album was released with poor edits and inferior alternate takes that Ellis did not approve of. In Ellis's own words:.
It wasn't until the album was already released that I heard a pressing. Much to my horror, I found that, without consulting me, the whole album had been changed around--rejected masters and unapproved takes were used not the ones which I had selected and edited , the wrong tunes were on the album, unauthorized splices were made which disturbed the musical flow of some of the compositions beats were even missing from bars , whole sections were cut out, some of these being the high points of the album.
Therefore the liner notes, which were done to the original album, do not agree with what is actually on the album, calling attention to solos and high spots which are not there. When I discovered what had happened, I was, naturally, disturbed and asked Columbia to redo the album. They graciously consented and I was able to change the album back to its original form except that I left Mercy Maybe Mercy, which my producer particularly liked, in place of Zim, which I hope will appear in a future album.
Throughout late , the Orchestra returned to the studio several times to record songs for what would become " Autumn ". The album contained the minute opus "Variations for Trumpet" that showcased Ellis's virtuosic trumpet playing. Also on the record was "Pussy Wiggle Stomp", the song that would succeed "Indian Lady" as the Orchestra's signature tune. Side two of the record contained two lengthy tunes from a concert at Stanford University from August The tracks are notable for their revelations of the Ellis band's contemporary live sound, which was far more raucous than either of their previous live recordings.
The band's energetic live performances such as the one at Stanford caused its popularity among college crowds to increase. The resulting recording was made into a double LP and released by Columbia in late Don Ellis at Fillmore was a happy return to original material, and even included one Beatles cover, an experimental rendition of " Hey Jude ", as well as another version of "Pussy Wiggle Stomp". Around this time, Ellis's popularity among educators was also climbing; copies of his band's charts were being published and played by many high school and college big bands.
Accordingly, Ellis taught many clinics and played with many school bands. In May , Ellis added a string quartet to the Orchestra. He also hired Bulgarian piano virtuoso Milcho Leviev who was able to improvise fluently in time signatures that would initially be intimidating to most American improvisers. He was an important asset to Ellis's band, and stayed with Ellis for five years. The resulting album, "Tears of Joy", was another live double-LP and was released in late The album featured a composition called "Strawberry Soup" that has been the subject of several doctoral dissertations due to its metric intricacy, its simple theme and complex variations, and the sheer timbral spectrum that it covers.
Around this time, Ellis was approached by film director William Friedkin to compose the music to his film The French Connection. Ellis accepted the project and wrote the music to be performed by his own Orchestra. Ellis later won a Grammy for this project "Best Instrumental Arrangement" , and was asked to write the music to the film's sequel, French Connection II in Ellis's final album for Columbia, Connection , was recorded in August The arrangements were generally tongue-in-cheek; they were often in different meters to the original, or arranged with the melody played in a humorous way there is no singer on the album.
Regardless of what inspired Ellis's liberal interpretations of the popular material, Connection was the Orchestra's last album for Columbia. In , the Orchestra recorded Soaring , a collection of originals. Milcho Leviev contributed "Sladka Pitka", based on a Bulgarian folk song. A Hank Levy tune off the album, "Whiplash", was later featured in a film of the same name. The record, featuring Milcho Leviev , bassist Ray Brown , drummer John Guerin , and a large string orchestra, is made up of ten songs, each based on a Japanese haiku poem.
The album is relaxed and introspective. Haiku was recorded in June and released in In , Ellis became interested in the music of Brazil , even studying Portuguese so as to better communicate with indigenous musicians. The band also featured a vocal quartet. These pursuits were postponed when Ellis started having health problems, feeling "out of breath after [walking] up a single flight of stairs".
He checked himself into a hospital in New York City where a doctor diagnosed him with mitral stenosis , a condition which caused his heart to beat in odd rhythms. He was prescribed medication and went home to Los Angeles. Shortly thereafter, he started feeling strange again, and went to a local hospital where he was re-diagnosed with an atrial septal defect.
More tests were run and finally a third diagnosis was made: cardiomyopathy. Ellis was prescribed more drugs, but his condition worsened and he went into ventricular fibrillation early one morning in May By , Ellis was back in action, although these activities are little documented. The arrangement featured a solo by Art Pepper , a chorus of tap dancers, and the return of the electrophonic trumpet. In , Ellis was signed to Atlantic Records , which promised to fund the Orchestra's upcoming trip for the band's performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Montreux , Switzerland in exchange for a live recording of said performance.
However, the record company asked Don first to record arrangements of two songs from Star Wars. In June, the record company scrambled and asked Don to record an entire album of material, for the purpose of having an album to sell in case the single became a hit. Don had to do this before his band left to perform in Montreux in about a week. In addition, the songs that were to be on this album could not be duplicates of what would later appear on the live album.
The album was thrown together and released as Music from Other Galaxies and Planets ; all the songs were retitled with novelty space-related names such as "Orion's Sword" and "Crypton". The band's performance at Montreux was well received, and the subsequent album reached No. Ellis's last known public performance took place on April 21, , at the Westside Room in Century City.
After this, his doctor ordered him to refrain from touring and playing trumpet because it was too stressful on his heart. On December 17, , after seeing a Jon Hendricks concert, Ellis suffered a fatal heart attack at his North Hollywood home where his parents were staying with him.
His heart condition is believed to have been cardiac arrhythmia. He was Ellis had a strong influence on those with whom he worked. Former sideman Stu Blumberg credited Ellis for preparing him for the idiosyncrasies of unconventional music in film soundtracks. Tenor saxophonist Jim Snodgrass remarked, "I think in many ways Don was a teacher. One thing his music taught me was that I could play anything I absolutely had to.
Others like Ralph Humphrey and Fred Selden have had successful careers as sidemen, session musicians or educators. Ellis also wrote numerous articles and several books. His second book, Quarter Tones , published in , is a theoretical guide to using quarter tones. Both books are thorough, providing a great deal of historical and cultural background to their subjects. Quarter Tones also provides readers with etudes and exercises.
Both books are hard to find, as they have presumably not been printed since their first editions. Along with writings, instruments and other items, is his Grammy Award for best score for the movie The French Connection in Ellis's interest in expanding the possibilities within big band instrumentation is obvious on even his first Orchestra release, 's Live at Monterey.
Inspired by his experiences with Latin bands,  Ellis expanded his rhythm section to two drum sets, three double-basses, at least two auxiliary percussionists, piano, and organ. His horn sections were often a fairly typical mix of trumpets, trombones and saxophones, although he later added a tuba and French horn to augment the brass section, and sometimes had the saxophonists double on instruments like flute, oboe, clarinet and saxello.
In , Ellis began experimentation with electronics. His pianist started using the Fender-Rhodes electric piano , clavinet , and electric harpsichord.
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See full bio ». Filmography by Job Trailers and Videos. Star Siblings: Famous Brothers and Sisters. Share this page:. Family-Friendly Movies and Shows in April. Create a list ». The Best Composers Ever! Film Composers Discovered. National Film Registry Composers. See all related lists ». Do you have a demo reel? Add it to your IMDb page. Find out more at IMDbPro ». How Much Have You Seen? How much of Don Ellis's work have you seen? Christmas Box Office No. See more awards ». Known For. The French Connection Composer.
Priceless Soundtrack. French Connection II Composer. Mission: Impossible Composer. Show all Hide all Show by Hide Show Composer 14 credits. Show all 7 episodes. Hide Show Music department 9 credits. Wednesday 17 November Thursday 18 November Friday 19 November Saturday 20 November Sunday 21 November Monday 22 November Tuesday 23 November Wednesday 24 November Thursday 25 November Friday 26 November Saturday 27 November Sunday 28 November Monday 29 November Tuesday 30 November Wednesday 1 December Thursday 2 December Friday 3 December Saturday 4 December Sunday 5 December Monday 6 December Tuesday 7 December Wednesday 8 December Thursday 9 December Friday 10 December Saturday 11 December Sunday 12 December Monday 13 December Tuesday 14 December Wednesday 15 December Thursday 16 December Friday 17 December Saturday 18 December Sunday 19 December Monday 20 December Tuesday 21 December Wednesday 22 December Thursday 23 December Friday 24 December Saturday 25 December Sunday 26 December Monday 27 December Tuesday 28 December Wednesday 29 December Thursday 30 December Friday 31 December Saturday 1 January Sunday 2 January Monday 3 January Tuesday 4 January Wednesday 5 January Thursday 6 January Friday 7 January Saturday 8 January Sunday 9 January Monday 10 January Tuesday 11 January Wednesday 12 January Thursday 13 January Friday 14 January Saturday 15 January Sunday 16 January Monday 17 January Tuesday 18 January Wednesday 19 January Thursday 20 January Friday 21 January Saturday 22 January Sunday 23 January Monday 24 January Tuesday 25 January Wednesday 26 January Thursday 27 January Friday 28 January Saturday 29 January Sunday 30 January Monday 31 January Tuesday 1 February Wednesday 2 February Thursday 3 February Friday 4 February Saturday 5 February Sunday 6 February Monday 7 February Tuesday 8 February Wednesday 9 February Thursday 10 February Friday 11 February Saturday 12 February Sunday 13 February Monday 14 February Tuesday 15 February Wednesday 16 February Thursday 17 February Friday 18 February Saturday 19 February Sunday 20 February Monday 21 February Tuesday 22 February Wednesday 23 February Thursday 24 February Friday 25 February Saturday 26 February Sunday 27 February Monday 28 February Tuesday 1 March Wednesday 2 March Thursday 3 March Friday 4 March Saturday 5 March Sunday 6 March
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